Academic

A 1959 study at the Flint College of the University of Michigan Library and the Flint Community Junior College Library involving the costs of a divided catalog (university catalog held 25,000 volumes and 79,000 cards; community college catalog held 29,000 volumes and 76.000 cards) showed that141 hours (49 hours to divide and 92 hours to revise) were required to rearrange the university dictionary catalog into author/title and subject sections, while 56 hours (32 hours to divide and 24 hours to revise) were required to rearrange the community college dictionary catalog into author/title and subject sections.                       (Source)

        Ibid…. showed that, based on filing 2,580 cards in the university catalog and 7,740 cards in the community college catalog, it was considerably cheaper to alphabetize, file, and revise in the divided catalog than in the dictionary catalog. Specifically, the total savings in time ranged between 39% for the community college and 45% for the university library.                        (Source)

A study reported in 1972 at Cornell University concerning a major expansion of the public card catalog (rearranging 4,979 drawers of cards into 6.084 drawers) showed thatthe project required 62 hours of professional time (10% of the total hours), 206 hours of clerical time (34% of the total hours), and 335 hours of student time (56% of the total hours).                     (Source)

Dr. David Kohl

 "Libraries in the digital age are experiencing the most profound transformation since ancient Mesopotamian scribes first began gathering and organizing cuneiform tablets."

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