A study reported in 1979 of M.L.S. graduates from the University of Toronto between 1972 and 1977 and the University of Western Ontario between 1968-76 living in Canada (sample size: 300 males and 498 females; responding: 172 or 57.3% males and 204 or 40.9% females) showed that, although male salaries reported at the time of the study were more than $1,200 higher than female salaries reported at the time of the study, the difference was not statistically significant.                        (Source)

         Ibid…. showed that there were statistically significant differences between male and female salaries immediately after graduation [neither salary levels nor difference between them was reported] (significant at the .057 level). However, male graduates tended to be older than female graduates to a statistically significant degree [neither age of graduates nor significance levels were reported], and substantially more of the males (53%) had been employed on a full-time basis before obtaining their M.L.S. than females (45%).                    (Source)

 A 1980 survey of randomly selected American Library Association personal members (sample size: 3,000 members; responding: 1,987 or 67.1%, including 1,583 full-time members employed at the time of the survey, which provided the subsample analyzed here) showed thatthe median salary for full-time employed women was $14,700 compared to $19,500 for full-time employed men (women’s median salaries were 75% of men’s median salaries). This suggests a widening of the salary differentials between men and women since 1970, when an ALA salary survey indicated a median women’s salary of $10,400 compared to a median men’s salary of $13,500 (women’s median salaries were 77% of men’s median salaries).                (Source)

         Ibid…. showed that, when salaries were analyzed in terms of earning power (adjusted on the basis of the Consumer Price Index) for the period 1970-79, overall membership salaries showed a decline in purchasing power of 25%. For women the decline in purchasing power was 29%.              (Source)

         Ibid…. showed that, in academic, public, and school libraries, the average annual salary for women was less than that for men. Specifically:

                average academic library salary             $14,850 women;    $20,520 men

                average public library salary                  $14,236 women;    $19,319 men

                average school library salary                 $14,725 women;    $18,692 men                     (Source)

         Ibid….showed that, in both academic and public libraries [school libraries had too few males in the sample to compare], “even in circumstances where women and men publish at the same rate, supervise the same number of professionals or non-professionals, received the MLS at the same time, or are the same age, women are likely to earn lower salaries than men.” (No statistical values or significance levels given.)                       (Source)

A study reported in 1981 of information on chief librarians generated in a 1975-76 survey of Canadian librarians in public, special, and academic libraries (study size: 96 chief librarians, including 49 females and 47 males) showed thatfemales earned an average of $16,444, while males earned an average of $20,896. Further, higher male salaries held true for each library type (small public, medium public, large public, special library, small university library, and college library) except large university library, where no women chiefs were represented.                      (Source)


 A 1975 survey of 530 (87% responding) academic librarians in 9 southern states out of a total academic librarian population of 1,964, investigating the relationship between job mobility and career advancement, showed that, of the respondents who had changed jobs, 91% had subsequently received a salary increase. The size of the increase, however, was related to the reasons for the move. Of those librarians who had moved for career reasons, 24% made salary gains of $8,000 or more; of those who moved for non-career reasons, only 16% received salary increases of $8,000 or more.                        (Source)

         Ibid…. showed thaton the average women librarians who had left their last positions for career-related reasons increased their salaries by $1,861 less than men who had also moved for career reasons. Women who left their positions for noncareer reasons increased their salaries (average increase $3,586) by $2,742 less than men (average increase $6,328) who left their positions for non-career reasons. These are both statistically significant differences (no significance level given).                (Source)


 A preliminary analysis reported in 1976 of a survey of American Association of Law Libraries members (survey size: “approximately 2,000” individuals; responding: “approximately 1,400” or 70%, of which responses from 888 respondents were analyzed at the time of the report) showed thatmen made more money than women. Specifically, 58% of the respondents earned $15,000/year or less (including 80% women; 20% men), while 8% of the respondents earned $30,000/year or more (including 26% women; 74% men).                    (Source)

Dr. David Kohl

 "Libraries in the digital age are experiencing the most profound transformation since ancient Mesopotamian scribes first began gathering and organizing cuneiform tablets."

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